Parent and child effects on overweight and obesity in infants and young children from low socioeconomic and indigenous families: systematic review with narrative synthesis

Author: 
Sarah Taki, Georgina Russell, Rachel Laws, Karen Campbell,Roslaind Elliott, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson
Publication type: 
Conference presentation
Program: 
Stream 1 Families with young children
Year: 
2014

PDF of poster available here

Aims & rationale/Objectives

The establishment of effective programs to promote healthy weight gain in infancy and early childhood is a public health priority given the elevated rates of overweight and obesity in high-income countries. The objective of this systematic review is to identify the evidence on the effects of parents and families on children's weight status in socio-economically disadvantaged families and Indigenous families.

Methods

We conducted a systematic review of the literature that investigated causes of weight gain in children aged 0-5 years from socioeconomically disadvantaged or indigenous families. Electronic databases were searched from inception until February 2014 using specified key words to identify studies addressing relationships between parenting, child eating, child physical activity or sedentary behaviour and child weight. Studies of any design were included.

Principal findings

Studies of any design were included. A total of 28 articles met the inclusion criteria. The MMAT quality rating for the studies ranged from 25% to 100%; with the majority rated 75% (n= 13). The majority of evidence was cross-sectional, relied up on self-report instruments and was focused on ethnic minority groups in the USA. Results of each relationship analysed were modest and mixed. Clustering of diet, weight and feeding behaviours by socioeconomic indicators and ethnicity made it challenging to tease out any independent effects of each of these risk factors.

Implications

This review highlighted significant gaps in understanding interactions between parents and children in population groups experiencing higher risk of obesity. More research towards understanding underlying reasons for greater weight gain in low SES and Indigenous groups is needed.

Presentation type

Poster

Session theme

Children and young people's health

Citation

Taki S, Russell G, Laws R, Campbell K, Elliott R,Denney-Wilson E. (2014). Parent and child effects on overweight and obesity in infants and young children from low socioeconomic and indigenous families: systematic review with narrative synthesis. In: 2014 Primary Health Care Research Conference: Program & Abstracts. Primary Health Care Research and Information Service, Australia. phcris.org.au/conference/abstract/7840