The role of ethnicity in health literacy for weight management in migrants in primary health care

Author: 
Nouhad El-Haddad, Nighat Faruqi, Catherine Spooner, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson, Mark Harris
Publication type: 
Conference presentation
Program: 
Stream 2 Disadvantaged populations
Year: 
2014

Primary Health Care Research Conference

PDF of the poster is available here

Aims & rationale/Objectives

Health literacy is an important and modifiable factor to reduce obesity among non-English speaking migrants. However, little is known about the relationship between ethnicity and health literacy for weight management. This review sought to assess the effectiveness of health literacy interventions for weight management in non-English-speaking migrants and to explore the association between ethnicity and health literacy and the factors that influence interventions.

Methods

Electronic databases and reference lists of original studies were searched for studies that improved health literacy for weight management. Eligibility criteria included quantitative and qualitative studies, among non-English speaking adult migrants, who were overweight or obese, attending primary health care.

Principal findings

From the 2124 studies retrieved, 10 met the inclusion criteria (four quantitative and six qualitative studies). Group education programs, targeting both nutrition and physical activity were effective in improving health literacy, weight, and nutrition and physical activity behaviors. Ethnicity, beliefs and attitudes, demographic and socioeconomic factors, knowledge and skills, motivation, time constraints to exercise, physical environment, and physical health limitations were important factors that modified the uptake and effectiveness of health literacy interventions for weight management by non-English speaking migrants.

Implications

There is a need for more research to explore the influence of ethnicity on health literacy for weight management among non-English speaking migrants to develop culturally appropriate interventions.

Presentation type

Poster

Session theme

Migrant and refugee health

Citation

El-Haddad N, Faruqi N, Spooner C, Denney-Wilson E, Harris M. (2014). The role of ethnicity in health literacy for weight management in migrants in primary health care. In: 2014 Primary Health Care Research Conference: Program & Abstracts. Primary Health Care Research and Information Service, Australia. phcris.org.au/conference/abstract/7868